Ventral / Incisional Hernia

What is Abdominal wall hernia?


A hernia is a protrusion of contents of abdomen through the weakness of abdominal wall. The weakness can be acquired (e.g after surgery) or congenital (since birth).

Hernias are Asymptomatic and do not produce any symptom that can help in their diagnosis. But, it can cause mild to severe pain in cases when they are under continued stress or in contact with other body parts.

Common abdominal wall hernias are – Ventral hernia, Umbilical hernia and incisional hernia

Ventral hernia:

The hernias that appear on the front side of the abdominal wall are called Ventral Hernias.



Ventral Incisional Hernia

Umbilical Hernia:

It is a common type of Hernia and constitutes around 25% of all Hernia cases. Umbilical Hernia is caused due to weakened opening in the abdominal wall, which should normally close before birth but fails to close completely.


Laparoscopic Incisional Hernia Repair

Incisional Hernia:

Such hernias develop through the weak abdominal wall at the site of previous surgery. Up to 10% of surgeries result in incisional hernia.

Laparoscopic Incisional Hernia Repair: Small holes are made on your abdominal wall. Herniated contents are reduced and a sheet of strengthening material “Mesh” is fixed covering the gap.


Benefits of Laparoscopic Incisional Hernia Repair :

  • It gives best cosmetic results, and leaves no scars.
  • The recovery time is less.
  • Least surgical pain
  • Patient can resume daily activity earlier in comparison to open surgery.


Incisional Hernia Surgery Complications :

Although this operation is considered safe, complications may occur as they might occur with any operation.

Complications during the operation:

-Adverse reactions to general anesthesia,


-Injury to the intestines or other abdominal organs.

-Other possible problems include pneumonia, blood clots or heart problems.

-If an infection occurs in the mesh, it may need to be removed or replaced. Also, any time a hernia is repaired it can come back.