Hernia is one of the common ailment. A Hernia is the exit of an organ such as intestine or the omentum through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides. Hernias can be broadly divided into-
An inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia and occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. It can appear as a swelling in groin area or lump in your groin, or as an enlarged scrotum. An inguinal hernia isn’t necessarily dangerous. However it doesn’t improve on its own and can lead to life-threatening complications.
This involves reducing the hernia contents and placing a mesh.
There are two ways an inguinal hernia repair can be performed:
A hernia is a protrusion of contents of abdomen through the weakness of abdominal wall. The weakness can be acquired (e.g after surgery) or congenital (since birth).
Hernias are Asymptomatic and do not produce any symptom that can help in their diagnosis. But, it can cause mild to severe pain in cases when they are under continued stress or in contact with other body parts.
Common abdominal wall hernias are – Ventral hernia, Umbilical hernia and incisional hernia
The hernias that appear on the front side of the abdominal wall are called Ventral Hernias.
It is a common type of Hernia and constitutes around 25% of all Hernia cases. Umbilical Hernia is caused due to weakened opening in the abdominal wall, which should normally close before birth but fails to close completely.
Such hernias develop through the weak abdominal wall at the site of previous surgery. Up to 10% of surgeries result in incisional hernia.
Laparoscopic Incisional Hernia Repair: Small holes are made on your abdominal wall. Herniated contents are reduced and a sheet of strengthening material “Mesh” is fixed covering the gap.
Although this operation is considered safe, complications may occur as they might occur with any operation.
Complications during the operation:
-Adverse reactions to general anesthesia,
-Injury to the intestines or other abdominal organs.
-Other possible problems include pneumonia, blood clots or heart problems.
-If an infection occurs in the mesh, it may need to be removed or replaced. Also, any time a hernia is repaired it can come back.