GERD/ acid reflux is a condition which develops when the reflux of stomach contents cause troublesome symptoms and/or complications. GERD occurs due to poor closure of the lower esophageal sphincter (the valve at the junction of the food pipe and the stomach).
Signs and symptoms of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
A burning sensation in chest and throat (heartburn), sometimes spreading to your throat, along with a sour taste in your mouth
Regurgitation of food or sour liquid (acid reflux)
Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
Hoarseness or sore throat
Sensation or feeling of lump in throat
Narrowing of the esophagus (esophageal stricture).
An open sore in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer).
Precancerous changes in the esophagus (Barrett’s esophagus)
Lifestyle changes: Weight reduction, elevation of head end of bed, avoidance of specific foods
Surgery is beneficial in situations where medications aren’t helpful, you wish to avoid long-term medication use or when complications develop.
This surgery involves tightening the lower esophageal sphincter to prevent reflux by wrapping the very top of the stomach around the outside of the lower esophagus (Fundoplication). It’s performed laparoscopically and the patient is back home in a day or two. Laparoscopic fundoplication improves quality of life compared to medical management